Friday, May 22, 2020

Power Electronics For Renewable Energy Utilization

Power Electronics Application in Renewable Energy Utilization Kyle Felthauser Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Texas Tech University Lubbock, United States of America Abstract—This paper covers the need and use of power electronics in the application of renewable energy utilization. Covered in this paper is wind energy with variable speed drives and their controlling power electronics. Solar energy, specifically photovoltaics and their controlling power electronics. High-voltage direct current transmission lines and the power electronics that allow for this technology to exist. Keywords—Power Electronics; Wind Energy; Solar Energy, High-Voltage Direct Current I. INTRODUCTION Energy demands are on the rise across the world and in many modernized countries the push for renewable energy is rising. Two of the main renewable energy sources that are getting a lot of attention are wind and solar. One of the difficulties presented with some renewable energy sources are their inherent inconsistency. Wind intensities change from hour to hour and from one season to the next. Solar radiation can be strong one minute and be nearly blocked out the next by a cloud. To make renewable energy more reliable and coincide with strict utility standards the use of power electronics is needed. The advancement in power electronics has also greatly improved in efficiency and allows more energy to be captured by natural resources. Another difficulty withShow MoreRelatedElectrical Design Of Electrical Engineering917 Words   |  4 PagesThe biggest concern would be the shortage of electricity since electricity is always constantly being used. An electrical designer is outlines and grows new electrical hardware, takes care of issues and tests gear. They work with a wide range of electronic gadgets, from the smallest pocket gadgets to large supercomputers. Electrical engineers work in businesses including innovative work, building administrations, assembling, broadcast communications, and the government. Electrical builds for the mostRead MoreSolar Street Lighting System : An Ideal Village Campus And Street Applications Light Essay995 Words   |  4 Pagesto that is natural sunlight energy sources consumption. For reducing people are moving towards the use of solar power conversion power. Many subsidies are given by the Indian Government on the use of solar power. Basis and putative ïÆ'Ëœ Calculated based on capacity have been taken 75% high efficiency single shift. ïÆ'Ëœ The maximum capacity of about 300 days a single screen-based capacity utilization year. Ability to act in the first year and second year utilization rate was 60% and 80% unit isRead MoreControl System And Performance Of Dc Microgrid Under Various Loads1596 Words   |  7 PagesDepartment of Electrical Power Engineering, Yangon Technological University, Yangon Technological University, InseinTownship, Yangon, Myanmar Ph No: +95 95070091 Abstract: DC microgrid is the high quality electric power system focused on the development of renewable energy resources. The dc distribution system is connected to AC grid, Photovoltaic system and synchronous generator. Moreover, the power is transmitted through dcRead MoreThe Benefits Of Renewable Energy In ASEAN818 Words   |  4 Pagesgrowing up from 615 million in 2014 to 715 million by 2025 [1]. It will increase the energy consumption which resulting in a rapid rise in energy demand. This expected to increase 4% of annual growth in energy demand until 2025 amounting to a rise of 50% over 2014 levels. The electricity supply demands in 2025 are also expected will double compare to 2014 [1]. Besides that, rapid growth in economic also increase the energy consumption in ASEAN. Due to rich in natural resources and highly liberalized economicRead MoreControl System And Performance Of Dc Micro Grid Under Various Loads1597 Words   |  7 PagesDepartment of Electrical Power Engineering, Yangon Technological University, Yangon Technological University, InseinTownship, Yangon, Myanmar Ph No: +95 95070091 Abstract: DC microgrid is the high quality electric power system focused on the development of renewable energy resources. The dc distribution system is connected to AC grid, Photovoltaic system and synchronous generator. Moreover, the power is transmitted through dcRead MoreConverting Energy Essay824 Words   |  4 PagesConverting Energy 1 The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy can neither be destroyed or created, only transferred or transformed. That being said, each form of energy has the ability to be converted into another form of energy. And since there are several forms of energy, that makes many different conversions achievable. Almost all technological gadgets convert one energy form into a new one. The vast number of devices that can convert energy into other states of energy are termedRead MoreSpringfield Missouri s Drury University s Ozarks Center For Sustainable Solutions1526 Words   |  7 Pages(NYSE: CVA), a world pioneer in sustainable waste administration and renewable energy, today declared another organization with nine Western Massachusetts regions for packaged sustainable waste management services. Covanta will give feasible waste transfer at the Covanta Springfield Energy from-Waste office, additional to other waster services (Convanta). Covanta is the proprietor/administrator of the Covanta Springfield Energy from-Waste office in Agawam where eight of the nine regions have givenRead MoreEnergy Resources And Energy Management1512 Words   |  7 Pages1.3 Energy Misused in Campus Energy management supplies sizeable options throughout helping significant community organizations including colleges, hospitals wards, government workplace houses and other who have high energy consumption personal operations cut costs substantially. Energy management is something electricity providers as well as electricity corporations accomplish to ensure that his or her electric power programs as well as alternative electricity solutions produce enough electricityRead MoreThe European Union1405 Words   |  6 Pages The European Union is committed to a challenging renewable energy goal of at least 27% of final energy consumption by renewable sources by 2030. While this goal is in part motivated by environmentally concerns, with commitments to climate change in mind, it is also politically motivated. Europe energy needs are currently heavily dependent on natural gas, which is mostly imported from Russia. This arrangement puts Europe in danger from Russian blockades and political pressure. The crash of theRead MoreA Report On Energy Management Supplies1562 Words   |  7 Pagesnergy Misused in Campus     Energy management supplies sizeable options throughout helping significant community organizations including colleges, hospitals wards, government workplace houses and other who have high energy consumption personal operations cut costs substantially. Energy management is something electricity providers as well as electricity corporations accomplish to ensure that his or her electric power programs as well as alternative electricity solutions produce enough electricity

Monday, May 18, 2020

International Students A Vulnerable Group in Need of...

Studying abroad, which has become a common phenomenon, can be a fun and meaningful experience. Many university students are interested in studying abroad because it gives them an opportunity to explore different cultures and broaden their horizons. As Mark Sherry, Peter Thomas and Wing Hong Chui argue in â€Å"International Students: a Vulnerable Student Population,† the goals that students pursue international study are often to acquire different ways of learning and to improve cross-cultural understanding, which helps them gain self-confidence as well as maturity (33). This experience turns out to be beneficial to those who study abroad. Nevertheless, when students are surrounded by a wholly new environment, many problems that hinder their†¦show more content†¦For example, they may start with making friends with local students and hang out with them more often. Or they can simply apply for a conversation partner on the school website who will help enhance their lang uage fluency in an effective way. In addition, adjusting themselves to academic customs is also a good way of adaptation. By figuring out the process of a lecture and observing the interaction between educators and students, those who study abroad should learn to participate into the class discussion and share their own opinions on the same issue. As time passes, they will find themselves popular among the students, and their language proficiency and academic grades will be highly improved due to their participation in class. What’s more, international students are supposed to adapt to local foods and customs. Though it is not difficult for some students to accept and get used to the new eating habits, for others who cannot grow accustomed to the local food, they had better learn to cook for themselves. As to local customs, international students have to inevitably accept some different cultures and values in order to fit into this society. This is not asking them to give up their traditional values, but to treat other cultures with a lenient attitude. By accepting or adapting to the local customs, they will also gain a better understanding of this culture. Last but not least, students should pay more attention to theShow MoreRelatedIntervention Strategies For Education- Micro4483 Words   |  18 PagesThe Anderson Regional School District has faced other incidents such as a student shot through a window in an attempt to hurt one of his teachers, as well as a serious decline in school enrollment. Tony a fourteen year-old is known to the juvenile court for involvement in domestic violence and auto theft; he also hurt another student when he set a bomb in a stairwell of a high school and it exploded; the other student’ parents are concerned about Tony actions and they are asking for legal actionRead MoreEssay special education11975 Words   |  48 Pagesï » ¿CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS OF DISABILITY The contemporary conception of disability proposed in the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) views disability as an umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. Disability is the interaction between individuals with a health condition (e.g. cerebral palsy, Down syndrome or depression) and personal and environmental factors (e.g. negative attitudes, inaccessible transportation,Read MoreLevel 5 Health an Social Care Essay6598 Words   |  27 Pagesthe adult sector) and Unit 14 Safeguarding and Protection of Vulnerable Adults Assignment Unit 14 AC1.3 Unit 16 AC 1.1 in the table below explain the following legislation and guidance in respect of safeguarding adult’s children and young people. Legislation/policy/best practice guidance | Summary | Safeguarding Vulnerable groups Act 2006 | Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 restricts contact between children and vulnerable adults and those who might do them harm. | Mental CapacityRead MoreThe Human Resources Management of Five-Star Hotel in China12630 Words   |  51 PagesManagement Studies Management Project Spring 2010 |Title of Project |: |The human resources management of Five-star hotel in China | |Student Name |: |LUI WING-HI | |Student Number |: |073042 | |Supervisor’s Name |: |Lolita Lau Read MoreLeadership for Health and Social Care and Children65584 Words   |  263 PagesHANDBOOK Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young People’s Services (England) (3978-51/52/53/54/55/56) December 2011 Version 2.1 (July 2011) Qualification at a glance Subject area City Guilds number Age group approved Entry requirements Assessment Fast track Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young People’s Services (England) 3978 19+ There are no entry requirements Portfolio of Evidence, Practical Demonstration/AssignmentRead MoreCommunity Health Nursing Final Exam Study Guide Essay15874 Words   |  64 Pages-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Health care for homeless, why is it so costly? They typically have to stay in the hospital for a longer amount of time because they have a lot more co-morbidities that need to be treated. Being brought to the ED is extremely expensive. Critical interventions are very costly, and so are all the diagnostic tests that must be done. They usually don’t have insurance. High mental heath issues in the homeless population. HighRead MoreChemical Hazards43022 Words   |  173 Pages(Industrial) National Disaster Management Authority Government of India iii Index Back Next iv Index Back Next Member National Disaster Management Authority Government of India ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am thankful to the Core Group Members for their untiring efforts in helping the NDMA in the formulation of the National Guidelines on Chemical Disaster Management. I would like to place on record the significant contribution made by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, NewRead MoreAdvancing Effective Communicationcommunication, Cultural Competence, and Patient- and Family-Centered Care Quality Safety Equity53293 Words   |  214 Pages......................................................4 Joint Commission Requirements....................................................................................................................................................4 Laws and Regulations ....................................................................................................................................................................4 Resource Guide ...............................................................Read MoreWomen Empowerment12463 Words   |  50 Pa ges|provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of Panchayats and Municipalities for women, | |laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local levels. | |1.3 India has also ratified various international conventions and human rights instruments committing | |to secure equal rights of women. Key among them is the ratification of the Convention on Elimination | |of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993. Read MoreDescribe with Examples How Schools May Demonstrate and Uphold Their Aims:14953 Words   |  60 Pageseducation within England and Wales. The new association’s government is focusing to expand educational provision to further and ensure every child and young person to have a range of choice to enable them to access a school that will meet their individual needs. Between the ages of five to sixteen every child and young person in England and Wales are entitled to a free place at a state school. Approximately ninety three per cent of children are educated in state-maintained schools; the majority are referred

Friday, May 8, 2020

Equality and Diversity - 2575 Words

In this assignment I will demonstrate my understanding of equality and diversity as a key approach to policy and practice within my setting. I will make reference to current legislation such as equal pay act, disability discrimination act, sex discrimination act and equality act. Other areas of discriminatory practice I will discuss are language and terminology, stereotyping and attitudes in relation to children and young people. I will explore anti discriminatory practice and diversity that is within the everyday role of the early years practitioners. I will also explore an area of my practice using my understanding of equality and diversity through an audit of provision to develop practice and outline any issues. The audit I will carry†¦show more content†¦Judgments can also cause discrimination as people can make poor judgements of people and discriminate against their good qualities just because they are in a wheelchair or have ADHD doesn’t mean they can’t play the same games as the other children they just may need more support than the others. In early years setting we use policies and procedures to outline the government legislation, we do not simply publish the legislation because of the way they are presented and the terminology they are written in. The policies and procedures are designed around the legislation in a way that are easily understandable for the staff and parents/carers using the setting. We make sure that the policies and procedures are accessible for all parents/ carers and staff. It is no longer acceptable to base an education programme on the stereotype of emotional behaviour being feminine, artistic and marginalised and rationale behaviour as masculine, logical and mainstream (Yelland, N 1998). It is important to give all children equal opportunities and allow boys and girls access to all resources and activities whether that be the girls playing with the cars and the boys playing with the dolls or both genders playing outside on the slides and bikes, this is all available in the work setting. Stereotyping can be offensive and cause biased thinking and actions, the tasks set in education programmes could favour groups depending on their culture and previous educationShow MoreRelatedEquality and Diversity2900 Words   |  12 Pagesand is made up of 5 Parts. Name: Part 1: Understanding equality This section will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 1: Know the meaning of equality |Learning objective |Place in Assessment | |1.1 Define the following terms: |Question 1 Page 1 | |Equality Read MoreEquality and Diversity2238 Words   |  9 Pages1. What is meant by diversity? Diversity means differences and variations, within in people for example different races, beliefs, physical appearances, age, capabilities, customs and gender and class. 2. Describe the community you live in. Highlight some of the variations you may observe in terms of: †¢ Interests †¢ Beliefs †¢ Ages †¢ Lifestyles †¢ Personal, social and cultural identities. The community I live in is very diverse, I live among various different cultures and lifestylesRead MoreEquality and Diversity2601 Words   |  11 PagesRunning Head: EQUALITY AND DIVERSITY 1 Equality and Diversity: A New Approach to Gender Equality  Policy in the UK Gender Studies 30th April 2011 EQUALITY AND DIVERSITY 2 Abstract The United Kingdom is a country that claims to be intolerant towards gender discrimination and at ease with diversity of all kinds. It believesRead MoreDiversity And Equality And Diversity1852 Words   |  8 PagesDiversity tends to be established by people from different spheres of life including different ethnicities, cultures, and social settings. It allows individuals to appreciate and understand the interdependence of culture, the environment in which people are living, and humanity. Diversity also helps individuals to build alliances and unity despite having a difference regarding their beliefs, religion, and culture. It helps one to recognize and appreciate that people are born different regardingRead MoreEquality, Diversity, and Democracy1348 Words   |  6 PagesJustice and Equality Cannot Coexist, For When One is Achieved the Other is Infringed Upon: Equality, diversity, and democracy are the three components that America claims to revolve around, but unfortunately lacks. America is a nation filled with envy, rage, and such preposterous behaviors and actions. Since the founding of the nation, to the present of America, and according to the predicament of the future, this territorial notion that America abides by is slowly corrupting the nation. SinceRead MoreManagement Of Equality And Diversity1117 Words   |  5 Pagesmanagement of equality and diversity in own area of responsibility. The table below highlights the observations and evaluation that I have conducted for the implementation of the University’s launch of the Equality Diversity Framework. The observation includes suggested actions and a timeframe on areas where I could influence or have responsibility and authority to change. The University implementation plan was to deliver the strategy through the development of a strategic equality and diversity frameworkRead MoreEquality Diversity Inclusion1538 Words   |  7 Pages1.1 Explain what is meant by. Equality Equality is treating people fairly and making sure that everyone is given a fair chance and that their individual needs are met. It’s about giving all sections of the community equal access to employment, education and other services that are provided whilst valuing and respecting them. Recognising that different sections of the community require specific measures to make sure they receive equality. Recognising how and why some groups are underrepresentedRead MoreEquality and Diversity Essay3406 Words   |  14 Pagesstratification (Parsons, 1970). Whilst complete societal equality may be unattainable, Equal Opportunities (EO) policies aim to ‘reduce the gap. Inequality takes different forms and there is much theoretical debate regarding which grouping variables, such as gender or age, are important. There exist three key notions of ‘equality of opportunity’: formal, liberal and radical. The former two are minimalist concepts, concerned principally with e quality of opportunity - the ‘beginning’ of the process. ConverselyRead MoreEquality and Diversity in Childcare9428 Words   |  38 PagesEducation course. One of the modules is Equality and Diversity in Childcare. For this exercise I will explore equality and diversity concepts as relevant to Irish Society. Analyse approaches to diversity education including, assimilation, multicultural, intercultural and anti-bias. Explore equality and diversity terminology; including prejudice, discrimination, racism, sexism and abelism etc. Examine current legislation on Equality and Diversity, to include Equality Legislation, the UN Convention on theRead MoreEquality and Diversity Essay1577 Words   |  7 PagesNCFE Level 2 Certificate in Equality and Diversity Unit 1: Exploring Equality and Diversity Assessment You should use this file to complete your Assessment. The first thing you need to do is save a copy of this document, either onto your computer or a disk Then work through your Assessment, remembering to save your work regularly When you’ve finished, print out a copy to keep for reference Then, go to and send your completed Assessment to your tutor via

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Keeping the Drinking Age at 21 - 1662 Words

When it comes to the subject of drinking and teenagers, what is the first thing that comes to mind? To me its the legal age limit of when teens should be able to drink. Having it lowered is controversial because according to prior experiences, data shows that younger age drinking is well known for its fatalities. According to Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), on one of the most popular prom nights in 1999, as many as 62 percent of the traffic deaths were alcohol-related (). The most important question is whether or not the drinking age anywhere in the United States should be lowered, raised or if it should stay the same. Statistics prove that the legal drinking age should remain at the age of twenty-one in the United States.†¦show more content†¦The number killed in alcohol-impaired driving crashes decreased 71% from the record high of 5,215 in 1982 to a record low 1,510 in 2008 (Drunk Driving Research) [(teenagers and alcohol)]. The drinking age is kind of an experiment around the world. In many places around Europe, people who are below the age of twenty-one are allowed to drink by law. Many teenagers around the US find this law biased, because teens arent given enough credit for how responsible they can be. In Northern Europe, people see alcohol as a culture issue. In many countries it is traditional to have a glass of wine or two during each meal. The drinking age in other countries vary but the normal legal age is between 16-18 years of age. A recent study that compared DUI laws in the United States to those in comparable nations, such as the European Union States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and Brazil, found that the United States had the highest proportion of traffic fatalities that were alcohol-related among the 12 countries reporting data. It was reported that the Unit ed States had relatively lax enforcement in comparison to other countries (National Minimum Drinking Age-Choose Responsibility). The majority of teenagers in America think that drinking is not worth the consequences it causes. Girls are much moreShow MoreRelatedThe National Drinking Age Act926 Words   |  4 PagesAt the age of 18, every individual who is a legal citizen of the United States of America has the option to vote, marry the love of their life, enter law abiding contracts with banks, watch R rated movies without the presence of an adult, serve in every branch of the military, and buy tobacco products. These remain key choices given to those entering adulthood, but one choice not given to those who are legally considered adults is drinking. 30 years ago this July, the National Drinking Age Act passedRead MoreThe National Drinking Age Act933 Words   |  4 PagesAt the age of 18, any individual who is a legal citizen of the United States of America has the option to vo te, marry the love of their life, enter law abiding contracts with banks, see R rated movies without the presence of an adult, serve in any branch of the military, and buy tobacco products. These are important choices given to those entering adulthood, but one choice not given to those who are legally considered adults is drinking. 30 years ago this July, the National Drinking Age Act was passedRead MoreMinimum Legal Drinking Agre1173 Words   |  5 PagesThe legal age of adulthood in the United States for most purposes is 18. At the age of 18, a person enters the realm of adulthood and is assigned the rights and responsibilities associated with this legal status. For example, an 18 year old can legally sign a contract and is bound by the terms and conditions of the contract. An 18 year old can marry without parental consent, serve on a jury, and vote in state and federal elections. An 18 year old who is charged with a crime is not tried in theRead MoreIntroduction. Alcohol The Debate Of The Ages, Between The1730 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Alcohol the debate of the ages, between the young and the old, researchers, people, alcohol companies, and parents. Within this topic, always comes the concern of when is it appropriate for people to legally drink alcohol. Currently, in the United States the minimum legal drinking age (MDLA) is the age 21. There are many reasons and sciences behind why the U.S. choose the age of 21. On July 17, 1984 the president signed an act called National Minimum Drinking Age Act (NMDAA). This mandated allRead MoreEssay about Drinking Age Controversy1076 Words   |  5 PagesDrinking Age Controversy In the United States, a citizen is considered an â€Å"adult† at the age of 18, and with that new title comes many responsibilities, such as the right to vote and to join the army. However, the legal drinking age in America is twenty-one. This issue has been a major controversy for some time now that faces both national and state governments. Should the drinking age be lowered to the age when legally a person becomes an adult and assumes all other adult responsibilities,Read MoreLower the Drinking Age Essay examples1430 Words   |  6 PagesLowering the drinking age to 18 would help prevent the crime and personal injuries that are caused by alcohol abuse. Although many states are trying to get the drinking age lowered, there are many groups and national statistics that are keeping the drinking set at 21. For example, â€Å"The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says laws setting the drinking age at 21 have cut traffic fatalities involving drivers by 13 percent† (Keen). They are hoping that by keeping the age set at 21, people areRead MoreThe Drinking Age Of The United States Should Be Lowered929 Words   |  4 PagesAn argument that many tend to dispute today, whether the drinking age of the United States should be lowered from 21 to 18. The drinking age for people to drink alcoholic beverages was made into law by the National Minimum Drinking Age Act. This ant enforced all states to raise their legal drinking age to 21. To get this law pass, the congress tried to strongarm the states, if the states did not comply, the government would take away their highway funds. Both arguments for it to be lowered and toRead M oreEssay about Debate Over the Legal Drinking Age1735 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Legal Drinking Age College life is filled with changes. It is filled with many new experiences. As college students, we are on our own, adults. As adults we are responsible for keeping up to date on information that affects us. One issue that affects college students nation wide is drinking. The current legal drinking age in the United States is twenty-one years of age. The Federal government raised the legal drinking age from 18 to 21 in 1984. Even with the current drinking age at twenty-oneRead MoreKeeping the Minimum Legal Drinking Age1283 Words   |  6 Pageslegal drinking age in the United States or not. Many Americans forbid the idea of legalizing the drinking age so that it would be profitable to the businesses. Likewise, there have been many advantages and disadvantages of why should the government allow young adults drink under the age of 21. To prevent this issue, many Americans have provided reasoning that will support the idea of keeping the minimum legal drinking age where it is now. The government should maintain the minimum legal drinking ageRead MoreThe Effects Of Lowering The Drinking Age1426 Words   |  6 Pages underage drinking is perhaps one of the most controversial topics of our generation. Why do our young people disobey this law? Are they lost? Who will answer the call of the lost? Having the age to drink legally at the age of 21 may seem like it would never be disobeyed; however, over time, underage drinking has become more and more prevalent. In today’s society, a few choice young people have grown to control the desire to break the law to consume alcohol while at the appropriate age. However,

Air Quality and Climate Change as Integrated Policy Free Essays

An integrated approach to tackling air quality and climate change makes sound sense. The topics of air quality and climate change are interrelated, so policies surrounding the two problems should be addressed using an integrated approach. The emissions that pollute our air and those that warm the planet have common sources: vehicles, buildings, power generation and industry. We will write a custom essay sample on Air Quality and Climate Change as Integrated Policy or any similar topic only for you Order Now These pollutants and activities that affect the air we breathe also have a significant impact on the climate change the earth is experiencing. Integrating air pollution control and climate change policies helps to achieve sustainable development and a low carbon society that benefit all. Many benefits are realized through integrating approaches and policies to air quality and climate change. One benefit of integrated policies is that the price to implement the policies is more cost effective. â€Å"Integrating climate and air pollution control programs leads to significant cost savings and important benefits to human health and the environment† (Kuylenstierna and Hicks, 2008). Also, climate policies and decisions are felt in the future while policies improving air quality are felt in the here and now. Also, an integrated policy would avoid unintentional trade-offs. That is â€Å"when policy is introduced to benefit one area without consideration of how it will affect the other; in these cases, negative impacts felt by one area may outweigh the actual benefits that the policy was designed to bring† (Environmental Protection UK, 2011). Another benefit of integration is the ability to prioritize actions and weigh the advantages and disadvantages of the action for each problem. There will be obstacles to realizing an integrative approach to air quality and climate change. Political obstacles can include lobbyist and interest groups that hold significant influence in the political arena. If proposed actions increase costs to manufacture or produce energy, the interest groups and the lobbyists will be vocal about their disapproval and may influence a political leader’s decision to implement environmental policies. In addition, individuals may voice their concerns about costs associated with integrated policies. For example, if the cost of a car goes up to meet emissions regulations, individuals will voice their opinions during election time by voting the out the policy maker. Finally, the science behind the problems needs to be clearly communicated and understood by all. The science needs to be valid and proven as well. If the science is correct, individuals will more readily accept any policy changes. Currently, there are opposing views on air quality and climate change that contribute to the confusion many realize surrounding the environmental problems the world is facing. A fragmented approach to address these environmental issues may do more harm than good. One policy that is meant to help with climate change may pose many disadvantages to air quality. In a compartmentalized approach, the effect to the other issue is not considered. This can also add additional costs and resources to amend or fix a problem created through a fragmented approach. Separate approaches also contribute to the influence interest groups and lobbyists can have on the implementation of policies. Finally, a fragmented approach can be unclear and communicate competing priorities. The unclear and fragmented message presented to the public lessens the impact and the crucial need to act on the issues we face surrounding air quality and climate change. â€Å"Individuals are the drivers of larger processes of change involving organizations and political systems, especially in democratic societies† (Liverani, 2009). In addition, â€Å"as consumers, individuals hold a reservoir of mitigation capacity. Roughly 40 percent of OECD emissions result from decisions by individuals—travel, heating, and food purchases. U. S. ouseholds directly account for roughly 35 percent of national CO2 emissions – more in absolute terms than the entire U. S. industrial sector and any other country bar China† (Liverani, 2009). Reflecting on these numbers, the impact that individual behaviors and actions demonstrate the negative consequences people have to the air quality as well as the significant contribution to the climate change problem. However, people must not only be informed, concerned, or understand the problems and issues, the people must act to improve air quality conditions and stop the rapid rate of climate change. People need to accept responsibility for their waste and their emissions. Policy makers have used economic and market mechanism to drive adoption, but this strategy is not all that is needed. Understanding their impact and acting on their impact without financial incentives is crucial to improve the quality of the air we breathe and slow the climate change we are experiencing. New social norms need to be established through effective marketing and communication of the problems.? How to cite Air Quality and Climate Change as Integrated Policy, Papers

Carmen Marinache free essay sample

Assuming complex businesses in which company is part of: organising logistics operations ( railway transportation from station of departure to station of destination, reception of wagons at final station of destination, unloading the cargo from wagons and loading it into trucks / handling, delivery up to the client’s terminal); organising special transports such as munitions transportation in transit via Romania; organising cargo exports from Romania with guard protection on route; organising oversized transportation, export from Romania to different countries, which implies: obtaining loading drawing from an authorised company, obtaining approval for transportation from the railways and infrastructure, issuing CIM railway bills, coordinating the transport with foreign railways on traffic and obtaining all necessary traffic permission by keeping in touch with all our external partners, solving problems that might occur while transportation is performed; organising exports from Romania to different countries from exCIS in special SZD wagons (wagons from CIS countries), obtaining all traffic permissions, keeping in contact with clients and partners for a prompt solving of all difficult situations; organising transportation of wagons on their own wheels as well as of locomotives; participating to organisation of multimodal traffic Ex: cargo coming by vessel, unloading directly or indirectly to wagons and customs clearance through a sister company specialised in port in such kind of operations), railway trans portation up to one station in Europe, unloading of cargo and delivery by trucks to consignee, etc. We will write a custom essay sample on Carmen Marinache or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page ? Keeping in contact with Accounting and Financial Dept. in order to mutually solve problems related to the financial part of the business; ? Based on the information received from the Controlling Dept. , analysing and proposing to the Executive Manager personal evaluation for personnel; ? Monthly analysing the activity of the Railway Dept. calculating estimated operational profit, calculating the total tonnage, presenting the situations to Executive Director; ? Contacting and visiting potential clients; ? Taking part to set up of transport and freight forwarding contracts with Romanian and foreign clients/partners ; ? Representing the company within international exhibitions and fairs, in Romania and abroad, to Express Interfracht Holding own stand, and within conferences having as topic the improvement of railway transportation; ? Issuing the documentation of company presentation and representing the company within different tenders opened by big production companies in Romania, in o rder to choose logistic supplier.

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Nestles Marketing Mix

Introduction Today’s business environment presents numerous challenges for new and existing organizations. As such, business entities have had to come up with effective and efficient operational strategies in order to remain relevant and profitable in an increasingly competitive arena.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Nestle’s Marketing Mix specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To achieve this aim, marketing tools and strategies have been used extensively to ensure that a business meets the needs of the customers, has a competitive edge over its rivals and remains profitable in aggressive market situations. Kotler et al (2005) define marketing as the process through which a business plans and executes its concepts regarding products, prices, promotion and distribution of goods and services in order to facilitate exchanges that optimally satisfy the consumer’s and organizational needs, goals and obj ectives. Marketing Mix: 4 P’s of Marketing The marketing mix is arguably the mot important aspect in marketing. This is attributed to the fact that it covers the basic concepts (4 P’s) of successful marketing. These concepts are price, place, product and promotion. Is used wisely, the marketing mix leads to successful marketing strategies, which in turn guarantees profitability, consumer loyalty, competitive advantage and increased market share for an organization. This paper shall set out to analyze the market mix of Canada based Nestlà © company. The strategies used to determine the product, price place and promotion of goods and services offered by this company shall be discussed and an analysis of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats affecting the company’s market provided. The effects of using social media in Nestlà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s marketing plan shall also be evaluated. Nestlà © Canada: Company overview Nestlà © Company was founded in 1867 a fter the founder saw an untapped opportunity in the production of milk-based baby formula. The product quickly gained prominence due its nutritional value and acceptability by the target population. Since then, the company has been actively involved in the production of nutritional food and beverages.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nestlà © Company is the largest Food and Beverage Company in the world with an employee base of over 280, 000 employees working in the company’s factories in almost every country in the world (Nestlà © Canada, 2012). As a result of this global reach, high reputation and quality products, Nestlà © Canada Inc. records over $1 billion in sales. Nestlà © Canada marketing mix Assessment Products Kotler et al (2005), state that the product aspect of the marketing mix refers to the total concept being offered to the consumer. As such, product consist s of the intangible aspects of the product (brand name, product line and customer services) and the tangible aspects such as raw materials used, features and accessories. Nestlà © Canada offers a variety of products that cater for different needs of the target consumers. The variety of products offered to consumers enables the company to reach a larger market base since they have different products for everyone. The table below shows the product line and products offered to cater for different needs of the consumers in the Canadian market (Nestlà © Canada, 2012). Table showing products and services offered by Nestlà © Canada From this table, it is evident that Nestlà © Canada offers a variety of products brands that cater for different needs of various clients. Having such a wide variety of products has played a pivotal role in ensuring that the company stays ahead of competition and has a wider market share. Consumers have a wide range of products to choose from. As s uch, the need to get substitutes from other companies is minimized.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Nestle’s Marketing Mix specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Price Arguably, one of the selling points of Nestlà © Canada has been its ability to consistently provide quality products to its clients at competitive and affordable prices. Price is mainly determined by the cost of production, quality of the product and availability of substitutes. However, Nestlà © Canada has had a competitive advantage in this regard due to its reliance on the vast resources and skills acquired by the parent company over the century. This enables Nestlà © Canada to produce quality products at low costs, thereby enabling the company to avail its products to clients at an affordable price. While some of the substitutes offered by competing firms are cheaper, the quality of Nestlà © Canada’s product still remain unmatched. Place Nestlà © Canada has forged strategic alliances with various retail and wholesale vendors and distributors. As such, the products of the company can easily be found in all locations through various outlets such as convenience stores, drug stores, grocery outlets, vending machines, discount stores and supermarkets among others. This distribution strategy enables Nestlà © Canada to reach its clients far and wide. In addition, it fosters consumer loyalty since the products are easily accessible and constantly available to clients everywhere. Promotion Nestlà © Canada uses various advertising and promotion strategies such as TV and radio advertisements, print media and online advertising in various websites. In addition, the company uses discounts and special offers to attract more consumers. To promote various brands, Nestlà © Canada uses witty slogans on their products packaging and advertisements that seek to raise the image and lifestyle positioning represented by the prod uct.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These strategies have seen products such as KitKat and Nestlà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s Smarties record strong brand loyalty and market positioning over the past few years (Nestlà © Canada, 2012). This is attributed to the implied message this promotional strategies send to target markets. SWOT Analysis of Nestlà © Canada Strengths Nestlà © Canada provides its market with strong brands that offer consumers unique tastes unmatched by rival companies. The products are made from the finest raw materials and subjected to intensive research in order to guarantee safety and quality for consumers. Due to its access to vast resources owner by Nestlà © Company, Nestlà © Canada has adequate resources for research and technology, which enables the company to continue being creative and innovative. With such resources, Nestlà © Canada is better placed to improve on their products, come up with new products and offer competitive prices to consumers. This minimizes competition and boosts profitability si nce Nestlà © Canada rides on the good reputation developed over the years by the parent company. The efficiency of the selected distribution channels ensures that Nestlà © Canada’s products reach more consumers and are readily available. This guarantees consumer loyalty and market expansion. Weaknesses Most of the products produced by Nestlà © Canada target consumers between the ages of 16 and 24 years old. This market segment consists of people that do not have a lot of disposable income, work part-time and are cautious about what they eat. This means that the majority of the populations are not well represented. Competitors who offer more products for these market segments may therefore use this weakness to their advantage and displace Nestlà © Canada’s market position. In addition, some of the brands produced by Nestlà © Canada have little dominance in the Canadian market. This is an indication that Nestlà © Canada’s brands campaign is not as effective as it ought to be. Due to this weakness, competitors such as Cadbury and Hershey Canada have launched substitute products that are increasingly dominating the market. Opportunities As mentioned earlier, Nestlà © Canada has access to vast resources attributed to the parent company’s pool of international branches. These resources can be directed towards training and retraining marketing personnel to facilitate marketing efficiency. Market segmentation in the food and beverage market is not fully exploited in Canada. As such, Nestlà © Canada can come up with more products that service the needs of potential consumers within the ignored product lines (baby nutrition, healthy nutrition and sport nutrition). Threat The main threat for Nestlà © Canada emanates from the fact that the company is in its maturity stage in the production cycle. This means that not much can be done to improve the products since they have attained the best level of quality and consumer loyalty is high for these products. With this in mind, competitors may come up with products that are similar to those produced by Nestlà © Canada because they are certain that consumers prefer those products. Solutions to the negative aspects of Nestlà © Canada’s market mix As has been mentioned herein, the main threat to Nestlà © Canada marketing mix is competition from new and existing companies through product differentiation. This can be solved by developing and marketing new products that attract new market shares. In so doing, the company will be able to maintain its reputation, all the while providing new and existing consumers with more products. In regard to poor brand campaign strategies, training may help the marketing department develop up to date strategies for effective marketing. In addition, adopting sales maximization strategy rather than a profit maximization strategy while marketing the less dominant brands may influence more consumers into buy them. This can be done b y reducing the prices and providing special offers for such brands. Impact of social media to Nestlà © Canada’s marketing mix Social media have been instrumental to the marketing strategy of Nestlà © Canada. This is attributed to the fact that social media outlets provide a cheap and convenient platform through which market, product and pricing research can be done. Through various websites, marketers can get feedbacks on how a product is or how it can be improved. In addition, consumers can comment on what they want in new products. Also, companies can get valuable information about competitors through social media forums. Conclusion This paper set out to assess the marketing mix of Nestlà © Canada. To that end, the product, price, promotion and place aspects of the company’s marketing strategy have been discussed and an analysis if the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the same offered. Solutions on how the flaws in the company’s marketing strategy can be alleviated have also been provided. The impacts of social media as marketing channels have also been highlighted. If used wisely, the marketing mix can enable companies market their products and services efficiently and successfully. References Kotler, P. et al. (2005). Principles of Marketing, Sixth Canadian Edition. New York: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Nestlà © Canada. About Us. Retrieved from This essay on Nestle’s Marketing Mix was written and submitted by user Davian Reed to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.